This is a PADI’s foundational course which provides the necessary knowledge and skills to dive with a buddy, independent of supervision.

CONFINED WATER DIVES

When teaching in confined water, I usually create a fun and exciting experience that keeps motivation and enthusiasm high. Here you will begin to developing your confidence as well as your competence. Open Water Diver course skills are sequenced from simple to more complex. We will simulate open water diving as much as possible throughout confined water sessions.


Sequencing

Before Confined Water Dive 1, you will have to complete Knowledge Development Session 1, and follow with Knowledge Development Session 1. For Confined Water Dives 2 – 5, knowledge development may either precede or follow the confined water dives, although before is recommended. There are several dive flexible skills that are not assigned to a confined water dive:

  • Complete the 10-minute swim/float without using any swim aids prior to Open Water Dive 2.
  • Correctly assemble and disassemble the scuba unit three or more times before the end of Confined Water Dive 3.
  • Demonstrate the proper post-dive care of scuba equipment before the end of Confined Water Dive 3.
  • Correctly assemble and disassemble the scuba unit five or more times before the end of Confined Water Dive 5.
  • Complete skin diving skills anytime during Confined Water Dives 2, 3, 4 or 5.
  • Complete the emergency weight drop during any dive, in either confined or open water.
  • PADI Scuba Diver students must disconnect a low pressure inflator hose and remove and replace the weight system before the end of Confined Water Dive 3.
  • PADI Scuba Diver students must complete the snorkel to regulator exchange, cramp release, inflatable signal tube/DSMB deployment and emergency weight drop before the end of Open Water Dive 2.

First I will introduce and demonstrate skills, then you will practice until you are comfortable and meet performance equirements.

Confined Water Dive 1

  • Equipment preparation and mask defogging
  • Entry, put on gear and weights
  • Predive safety check – guided
  • BCD inflation/deflation on surface
  • Introduction to breathing underwater
  • Regulator clear – exhalation and purge
  • Regulator recovery
  • Clear partially flooded mask
  • Alternate air source use
  • Descent and equalization
  • Underwater swimming
  • Hand signals
  • SPG use and air monitoring
  • Fun and skill practice
  • Ascent and positive buoyancy
  • Oral BCD inflation at surface
  • Surface swimming and good surface habits
  • Emergency weight drop (dive flexible)
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care

Confined Water Dive 2

  • Dive planning and air management reminder
  • Assemble and put on gear
  • Predive safety check
  • Deep water entry
  • Weight check
  • Snorkel breathing and clearing
  • Snorkel/regulator exchange
  • Snorkel swimming with buddy
  • Disconnect inflator hose (dive flexible)
  • Loose cylinder band (dive flexible)
  • Five point descent
  • Neutral buoyancy
  • Clear fully flooded mask
  • Remove, replace and clear mask
  • No mask breathing
  • Air depletion exercise
  • Air management within 20 bar/300 psi
  • Fun and skill practice
  • Five point ascent
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care

Confined Water Dive 3

  • Assemble, put on gear and predive safety check
  • Deep water entry
  • Weight check and adjustment
  • Weight system removal and replacement at surface (dive flexible)
  • Cramp release
  • Descent with visual reference
  • Hovering
  • Trim and weight positioning
  • Air depletion/alternate air source use (donor/receiver) swim and ascent
  • Controlled emergency swimming ascent
  • Air management within 20 bar/300 psi
  • Fun and skill practice
  • Five point ascent
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care

Confined Water Dive 4

  • Assemble, put on gear and predive safety check
  • Entry
  • Weight and trim check
  • Tired-diver tow
  • Scuba kit removal and replacement at surface
  • Descent – stop before contacting bottom
  • Underwater swim over sensitive bottom
  • Hover – oral BCD inflation
  • Freeflow regulator breathing
  • No mask swim
  • Air management within 20 bar/300 psi
  • Fun and skill practice
  • Ascent without contacting bottom
  • Skin diving skills (dive flexible)
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care

Confined Water Dive 5

  • Assemble, put on gear and predive safety check
  • Entry
  • Scuba kit removal and replacement – underwater
  • Weight system removal and replacment – underwater
  • Minidive
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care

OPEN WATER DIVES

Open water dives introduce you to the open water environment and allow youy to combine and apply what you learn in the knowledge development sections and the confined water dives. Although you’ve already practiced the skills you’ll perform, the presence of new variables and conditions makes the open water dives the most important aspect of the course.


Sequencing

You will have to master all performance requirements for one open water dive before going to the next. Before Open Water Dive 1, you will have to complete at list Knowledge Development Session 1 and Confined Water Dive 1. Before Open Water Dive 2, you will have to complete Knowledge Development Sections 1-3, Confined Water Dives 1-3 and the 10-minute swim/float without using any swim aids. Before Open Water Dives 3 and 4, you will have to complete all Knowledge Development and all Confined Water Dives. Before certification, you will have to complete a 200 metre continuous surface swim or a 300 metre swim with mask, fins and snorkel, and Final Exam.

We will also go through dive flexible skills during any Open Water Dive except Underwater Compass Navigation and the Controlled Emergency Swimming Ascent which are predefined in the schedule.

Open Water Dive 1

  • Briefing and hand signal review
  • Predive acclimation
  • Assemble and put on gear
  • Predive safety check
  • Entry – positively buoyant
  • Check and adjust weighting
  • Snorkel-to-regulator exchange (dive flexible)
  • Controlled descent
  • Trim check
  • Clear partially flooded mask
  • Regulator recovery and clear
  • Explore the dive site
  • Air monitoring
  • Ascent
  • Emergency weight drop (dive flexible)v
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care
  • Debriefing and log dive

Open Water Dive 2

  • Dive planning and briefing
  • Assemble and put on gear
  • Predive safety check
  • Entry and good surface habits
  • Weight and trim check
  • BCD oral inflation at surface
  • Cramp release (dive flexible)
  • Tired diver tow (dive flexible)
  • Controlled descent
  • Neutral buoyancy
  • Clear fully flooded mask
  • Alternate air source use (donor/receiver) and ascent
  • Explore the dive site – avoid bottom contact and stay close to buddy
  • Air management within 20 bar/300 psi and signal air remaining
  • Five point ascent – safety stop, if feasible
  • Inflatable signal tube deployment (dive flexible)
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care
  • Debriefing and log dive

Open Water Dive 3

  • Dive planning and briefing
  • Assemble and put on gear
  • Predive safety check
  • Entry and good surface habits
  • Weight and trim check
  • Weight system and scuba kit removal and replacement at surface (dive flexible)
  • Straight line surface swim with compass (dive flexible)
  • Descent with visual reference
  • Hovering – oral BCD inflation
  • Mask removal and replacement
  • Underwater compass navigation (dive flexible)
  • Controlled emergency swimming ascent (dive flexible)
  • Explore the dive site – avoid bottom contact and stay close to buddy
  • Air management within 20 bar/300 psi and signal air remaining
  • Five point ascent – safety stop, if feasible
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care
  • Debriefing and log dive

Open Water Dive 4

  • Plan dive using Dive Planning Slate
  • Assemble and put on gear
  • Predive safety check
  • Entry and good surface habits
  • Weight and trim check
  • Free descent without reference
  • Explore the dive site as buddy team – avoid bottom contact and stay close to buddy
  • Air management within 20 bar/300 psi and signal turn/ascent points
  • Five point ascent with safety stop
  • Exit
  • Equipment disassembly and care
  • Debriefing and log dive

GENERAL SCHEDULE


Day

day 1

day 2

day 3

day 4

Knowledge Development

KD1 (v1)

KD2, KD3 (v2,3)

KD4, KD5 (v4,5)

Final Assessment

Waterskills Exercises

 

 

10-minute swim/float

200 m surf sw. or 300 m sw. with mask

 

 

Confined Water

CW1

5. Clear a regulator using both the exhalation and purgebutton

methods

6. Recover a regulator from behind the shoulder.

7. Clear a partially flooded mask.

8. Breathe from an alternate air source supplied by

another diver for at least 30 seconds.

CW2

5. Adjust for proper weighting

6. Clear snorkel blast method

7. Exch. snorkel \ regulator

8. Swim 50 m.   w. scuba,

breath. snorkel.

11. Clear a fully flooded mask.

12. Rem, replace and clear a mask.

13. Breathe no  mask one minute.

14. Respond to “out-of-air.”

16. 5-Ascend

CW3

2. Weight check.

3. Cramp release self/

buddy (s or u).

4. visual ref

5-descent.

5. Hover for at least 30 seconds

7. “out of air”

one minute

inflate BCD orally.

9. CESA

horizontally for at least 9 m

CW4

2. tired diver tow for 25 m.

4. five-point descent

without contacting

bottom.

6. Orally BCD hover for at least one minute

7. Breathe from freeflowing

regulator for 30 s.

8. Swim without a mask for at least 15 m.

10. five point ascent without contacting

bottom.

CW5

1. Remove the scuba kit

in water deep

2. Remove, replace, weight system

4. Complete a simulated dive

 

Open Water

OW1 (12m)

8. Clear a partially flooded mask.

9. Recover and clear the regulator at depth.

OW2 (12m)

9. Clear a fully flooded mask.

10. Perform each role:

“out of air”

11. Ascend properly using an alternate air source

OW3 (18m)

6. Descend five-point method.

7. hover by inflating the orally

8. Remove, replace clear the mask

13. Signal air remaining at intervals assigned during dive planning.

14. Ascend no faster than 18 m  maintaining buddy contact. five-point method.

OW4 (18m)

6. no visual reference

five-point

11. signal when to turn and

to ascend

12. Ascend

five-point +  safety stop.

Confined Water Skills

Equip. Prepar. Care

Skin Diving

Weigh Rem and Repl. (S)

Emergency Weight Drop

Discon. Inflator

Loose Band

 

Open Water Skills

Cramp Release (S)

Snor/Reg Exch (S)

Straight Line Swim Com (S)

Compass Navigation (U)

Rem and Repl. Weigh and Scuba K (S)

Emergency Weight Drop (S)

SMB Use (S)

Tire Diver Tow (S)

CESA (U)